Schoenlys at War

I don’t consider myself a ‘Civil War Buff’ but I do have an interest in history and especially American history. So it was with great interest for me to learn that several family members participated as Union soldiers against the ‘Great Rebellion’.

You may remember that on April 10, 1861, Brig. Gen. Beauregard, in command of the Confederate forces at Charleston, South Carolina, demanded the surrender of the Union garrison of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Garrison commander Anderson refused. On April 12, 1861 in the early morning hours, Confederate artillery opened fire on the fort. This was the beginning of the American Civil War.

When this occurred, reaction in the north turned solidly against the southern states which had succeeded from the Union and now had struck the first blow against the Union. With this in mind, we find Jacob Schanley joining the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company C on April 20, 1861. Probably the first family member to do so. He served until July 27, 1861 when his 90 day enlistment ended. However the “Civil War Soldier and Sailors Systems states the following:

“UNION PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS”

4th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry (3 months, 1861)
Organized at Harrisburg April 20, 1861. Moved to Philadelphia April 21. Occupation of Perryville, Md., April 22. Right Wing moved by boat to Annapolis, Md., April 23. Regiment moved to Washington, D. C., May 8, and camp near Bladensburg. Moved to Shutter’s Hill, near Alexandria, June 24. Picket attack on Shutter’s Hill July 1 (Co. “E”). Attached to 1st Brigade, Franklin’s Heintzelman’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia. Advance on Manassas, Va. July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Mustered out July 27, 1861. “
On September 18, 1861, Jacob Shaneley joined the 53rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, Company A. Interestingly, on September 18, 1862 when his enlistment was up… he was unaccounted for and not mustered out with his unit. Why? Well, we do know that on September 17, 1862 he enlisted in the 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company L, along with two other Schanelys, Jefferson & Albert.

The following is mentioned by the “Civil War Soldier and Sailors Systems:
53rd Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry
Organized at Harrisburg October, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., November 7. Attached to French’s Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.-Duty in the Defences of Washington and Alexandria till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Duty near Yorktown till June 12. Construction of Grape Vine Bridge over the Chickahominy May 28-30. Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines Mill June 27. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Turkey Bend July 2. At Harrison’s Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria and Centreville August 16-30. Assist in checking Pope’s rout at Bull Run August 30, and cover retreat to Fairfax C. H. August 31-September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Bolivar Heights September 22-October 29. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Movement up Loudoun Valley and to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 17. Snicker’s Gap November 2. Manassas November 5-6. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Duty at Falmouth till April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 13-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Funkstown, Md., July 12-13. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne’s Farm November 27. Mine Run November 28-30. New Hope Church November 29. Regiment re-enlisted December 27, 1863. Duty near Stevensburg till April, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania C. H. May 8-21; Po River May 10. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Weldon Railroad June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29 and August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream’s Station August 25. Reconnoissance to Hatcher’s Run December 9-10. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins’ House, Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, March 31. White Oak Road March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sutherland Station April 2. Sailor’s Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D. C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 195 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 193 Enlisted men by disease. Total 394.

As mentioned before, Jacob Shaneley after serving with the Pennsylvania 53rd Infantry for one year, joined with two other Schanelys, the 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, 162nd Regiment. We learn from the record of the 17th that this was Jacob H. Schanely. It appears this would have been the son of Henry Bierbrauer Schonly & Malinda Huber.

So at this point, we know that Jacob was, in fact, a Union soldier in the 53rd PA Infantry, The 17th PA Cavalry and maybe even the PA 4th Infantry at the very beginning of the war. So Jacob proved himself to be a real patriot during the Civil War.
On September 17, 1862 two other Schanelys joined the 17th with Jacob. They were Albert Schanely and Jefferson C. Schanley. Albert appears to have been Jacob’s younger brother, son of Henry Bierbrauer Schonly & Malinda (Belinda) Huber. Jefferson was the son of Friederich Schweinhardt Schoenly & Maria Christman and would have been a first cousin, once removed from Albert & Jacob. These three Schhanelys joined the 17th PA Cavalry in September 1862 and remained together in Company L throughout the war. Sadly, after surviving the entire war in the cavalry, Albert died less than a year later at the age of 21.
During the war the 17th had a rather distinguish record. The Civil War Soldier and Sailors system describes that record as follows: UNION PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS

17th Regiment, Pennsylvania Cavalry (162nd Volunteers)
Organized at Harrisburg September to November, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., November 25, 1862. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 11th Corps, Army Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864, and Army Shenandoah to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.-Camp at East Capital Hill, Defences of Washington, till December, 1862. Skirmish at Occoquan, Dumfries, Va., December 19. Occoquan December 19-20 and 27-28. Frying Pan, near Chantilly, December 29. Wiggenton’s Mills February 6, 1863. Kelly’s Ford April 28. Chancellorsville Campaign April 26-May 8. Rapidan River April 29. Chancellorsville April 30-May 6. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport, Md., July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Water July 14. Kelly’s Ford July 30-August 1. Brandy Station August 1. Expedition from Leesburg August 30-September 2. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17. Brandy Station and Culpeper C. H. September 13. Raccoon Ford September 14-16. Reconnoissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Jack’s Shop, Madison C. H., September 22. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Raccoon Ford and Morton’s Ford October 10. Stevensburg October 11. Near Kelly’s Ford October 11. Brandy Station or Fleetwood October 12. Oak Hill October 15. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Parker’s Store November 29. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Kilpatrick’s Raid on Richmond February 28-March 4. Fortifications of Richmond March 1. Ashland March 1. Reconnoissance to Madison C. H. April 23. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Wilderness May 5-7. Brock Road and the Furnaces May 6. Todd’s Tavern May 7-8. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Meadow Bridge May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hanovertown May 26. Hanovertown Ferry and Hanovertown May 27. Crump’s Creek May 28. Haw’s Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Old Church and Mattadequin Creek May 30. Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, May 31-June 1. Bottom’s Bridge June 1. Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Newark or Mallory’s Cross Roads June 12. White House or St. Peter’s Church June 21. Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. Baltimore Cross Roads June 22. Jones’ Bridge June 23. Demonstration on north side of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Toll Gate, near White Post, August 11. Near Newtown August 11. Cedarville, Guard Hill or Front Royal, August 16. Summit Point August 21. Kearneysville and Shepherdstown August 25. Leetown and Smithfield August 28. Smithfield Crossing of the Opequan August 29. Berryville September 6. Sevier’s Ford, Opequan Creek, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Middletown and Strasburg September 20. Near Winchester and Smithfield September 24. Fisher’s Hill September 29 and October 1. Newtonia October 11. Winchester November 16. Expedition from Winchester into Fauquier and Loudoun Counties November 28-December 3. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Madison C. H. December 21. Liberty Mills December 22. Near Gordonsville December 23. Sheridan’s Expedition from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Waynesboro March 2. Appomattox Campaign March 28-AprIl 9. Dinwiddie C. H. March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott’s Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor’s Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23. Consolidated with 1st and 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry to form 2nd Provisional Cavalry June 17, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 98 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 128 Enlisted men by disease. Total 232.
Due to space limitations, I’ll continue these accounts in a later posting.

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